Current practices of sexual slavery and trafficking of women and children are similarly abhorrent to the principles upon which the United States was founded.(23) The United States and the international community agree that trafficking in persons involves grave violations of human rights and is a matter of pressing international concern. 3796gg-2(7)), as amended by this division).`(20) the issues raised by domestic violence in determining custody and visitation, including how to protect the safety of the child and of a parent who is not a predominant aggressor of domestic violence, the legitimate reasons parents may report domestic violence, the ways domestic violence may relate to an abuser's desire to seek custody, and evaluating expert testimony in custody and visitation determinations involving domestic violence;`(21) the issues raised by child sexual assault in determining custody and visitation, including how to protect the safety of the child, the legitimate reasons parents may report child sexual assault, and evaluating expert testimony in custody and visitation determinations involving child sexual assault, including the current scientifically-accepted and empirically valid research on child sexual assault;(2) SECTION 40414- Section 40414(a) of the Equal Justice for Women in the Courts Act of 1994 (42 U. If any absence or aggregate absences exceed 180 days, the absences or portions of the absences will not be considered to break the period of continuous presence. 1229-1229c).(A) IN GENERAL- Notwithstanding any limitation imposed by law on motions to reopen or rescind deportation proceedings under the Immigration and Nationality Act (as in effect before the title III-A effective date in section 309 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.
Traffickers also buy children from poor families and sell them into prostitution or into various types of forced or bonded labor.(5) Traffickers often transport victims from their home communities to unfamiliar destinations, including foreign countries away from family and friends, religious institutions, and other sources of protection and support, leaving the victims defenseless and vulnerable.(6) Victims are often forced through physical violence to engage in sex acts or perform slavery-like labor. Thornburgh (ABC), applied for temporary protected status, or applied for asylum; and`(iv) RESIDENCE WITH SPOUSE OR PARENT NOT REQUIRED- For purposes of the application of clause (i)(VII), a spouse or child shall not be required to demonstrate that he or she is residing with the spouse or parent in the United States.'.(c) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) shall be effective as if included in the Nicaraguan Adjustment and Central American Relief Act (8 U. 2681-538).(a) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND PROSECUTION GRANTS- Section 2001(b) of part T of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U. State procedures shall ensure that the updated information is promptly made available to a law enforcement agency having jurisdiction where such institution is located and entered into the appropriate State records or data system.`(I) A statement advising the campus community where law enforcement agency information provided by a State under section 170101(j) of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (42 U.
Such force includes rape and other forms of sexual abuse, torture, starvation, imprisonment, threats, psychological abuse, and coercion.(7) Traffickers often make representations to their victims that physical harm may occur to them or others should the victim escape or attempt to escape. 1255 note) is amended by striking the period at the end and inserting the following: `, except that such spouse or child who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty may adjust to permanent resident status under this Act without demonstrating that he or she is residing with the Cuban spouse or parent in the United States. 1101 note) (as amended by section 1506(b)(3) of this title) is amended--`(CC) at the time at which the alien registered for benefits under the settlement agreement in American Baptist Churches, et.
Profits from the trafficking industry contribute to the expansion of organized crime in the United States and worldwide. 1154(a)(1)(A)) (as amended by section 1503(b)(3) of this title) is amended by adding at the end the following:`(vi) For the purposes of any petition filed under clause (iii) or (iv), the denaturalization, loss or renunciation of citizenship, death of the abuser, divorce, or changes to the abuser's citizenship status after filing of the petition shall not adversely affect the approval of the petition, and for approved petitions shall not preclude the classification of the eligible self-petitioning spouse or child as an immediate relative or affect the alien's ability to adjust status under subsections (a) and (c) of section 245 or obtain status as a lawful permanent resident based on the approved self-petition under such clauses.'.`(v)(I) For the purposes of any petition filed or approved under clause (ii) or (iii), divorce, or the loss of lawful permanent resident status by a spouse or parent after the filing of a petition under that clause shall not adversely affect approval of the petition, and, for an approved petition, shall not affect the alien's ability to adjust status under subsections (a) and (c) of section 245 or obtain status as a lawful permanent resident based on an approved self-petition under clause (ii) or (iii).`(II) Upon the lawful permanent resident spouse or parent becoming or establishing the existence of United States citizenship through naturalization, acquisition of citizenship, or other means, any petition filed with the Immigration and Naturalization Service and pending or approved under clause (ii) or (iii) on behalf of an alien who has been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty shall be deemed reclassified as a petition filed under subparagraph (A) even if the acquisition of citizenship occurs after divorce or termination of parental rights.'.(3) DEFINITION OF IMMEDIATE RELATIVES- Section 201(b)(2)(A)(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.
Trafficking in persons is often aided by official corruption in countries of origin, transit, and destination, thereby threatening the rule of law.(10) Trafficking also involves violations of other laws, including labor and immigration codes and laws against kidnapping, slavery, false imprisonment, assault, battery, pandering, fraud, and extortion.(11) Trafficking exposes victims to serious health risks. 1101 note)) as a result of the amendments made by--(1) RECLASSIFICATION- Section 204(a)(1)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Monday, the twenty-fourth day of January, two thousand An Act To combat trafficking in persons, especially into the sex trade, slavery, and involuntary servitude, to reauthorize certain Federal programs to prevent violence against women, and for other purposes. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the `Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000'. (a) PURPOSES- The purposes of this division are to combat trafficking in persons, a contemporary manifestation of slavery whose victims are predominantly women and children, to ensure just and effective punishment of traffickers, and to protect their victims.(1) As the 21st century begins, the degrading institution of slavery continues throughout the world.
Trafficking in persons is a modern form of slavery, and it is the largest manifestation of slavery today.
At least 700,000 persons annually, primarily women and children, are trafficked within or across international borders.
It involves sexual exploitation of persons, predominantly women and girls, involving activities related to prostitution, pornography, sex tourism, and other commercial sexual services. 13971(a)(2)) is amended to read as follows:(d) CAMPUS DOMESTIC VIOLENCE GRANTS- Section 826(b)(5) of the Higher Education Amendments of 1998 (Public Law 105-244; 20 U. This visa will encourage law enforcement officials to better serve immigrant crime victims and to prosecute crimes committed against aliens.(B) Creating a new nonimmigrant visa classification will facilitate the reporting of crimes to law enforcement officials by trafficked, exploited, victimized, and abused aliens who are not in lawful immigration status. 1184) (as amended by section 107 of this Act) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:`(1) PETITIONING PROCEDURES FOR SECTION 101(a)(15)(U) VISAS- The petition filed by an alien under section 101(a)(15)(U)(i) shall contain a certification from a Federal, State, or local law enforcement official, prosecutor, judge, or other Federal, State, or local authority investigating criminal activity described in section 101(a)(15)(U)(iii). 1701-1702), or any other proclamation, order, or regulation issued thereunder. 10604(a)) to specify the categories of organizations and agencies to which the Director may make grants under this subsection.(2) TRANSFER- Section 1402(e) of the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 (42 U. C 10601(e)) is amended by striking `in excess of 0,000' and all that follows through `than 0,000' and inserting `shall be available for deposit into the emergency reserve fund referred to in subsection (d)(5) at the discretion of the Director. 10601(d)(5)(B)) is amended by inserting `, to provide compensation to victims of international terrorism under the program under section 1404C,' after `section 1404B'.(d) AMENDMENTS TO VICTIMS OF CRIME FUND- Section 1402(c) of the Victims of Crime Act 1984 (42 U.