Philip of Macedon united most of the Greek mainland in the fourth century BC, with his son Alexander the Great rapidly conquering much of the ancient world, spreading Greek culture and science from the eastern Mediterranean to the Indus River.
), historically also known as Hellas, is a country in southeastern Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016.
Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.
Greece's unique cultural heritage, large tourism industry, prominent shipping sector and geostrategic importance These civilizations possessed writing, the Minoans writing in an undeciphered script known as Linear A, and the Mycenaeans in Linear B, an early form of Greek.
The Mycenaeans gradually absorbed the Minoans, but collapsed violently around 1200 BC, during a time of regional upheaval known as the Bronze Age collapse.
The Commissioners’ business meetings are generally held on Mondays and Wednesdays at a.m.
Business meetings are held in the Barnes and Sawyer Rooms at the Deschutes Services Building, located at 1300 NW Wall Street, in Bend.In 508 BC, Cleisthenes instituted the world's first democratic system of government in Athens.Attempts by some of the Greek city-states of Asia Minor to overthrow Persian rule failed, and Persia invaded the states of mainland Greece in 492 BC, but was forced to withdraw after a defeat at the Battle of Marathon in 490 BC.A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the tenth member to join the European Communities (precursor to the European Union) and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001.It is also a member of numerous other international institutions, including the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF).Greece's rich historical legacy is reflected by its 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, among the most in Europe and the world.